나무사랑 Home
식물찾기 인기검색어
로그인
ID
PW

My page | 찜바구니 | 사이트맵 | 즐겨찾기추가 

 

 
    현재위치: Home > 활엽수 > 느릅나무/수양느릅나무

느릅나무/수양느릅나무

과명 : 느릅나무과
학명&외국명 : Ulmus davidiana var. japonica Nakai (영) Japanese Elm (일) ハルニレ (漢) 楡
느릅나무/수양느릅나무
   


이 내용을 twitter로 보내기 이 내용을 facebook으로 보내기
 
느릅나무 갤러리
참느릅나무 열매
참느릅나무 열매
참느릅나무 열매
참느릅나무 열매
참느릅나무 열매
참느릅나무 열매
느릅나무
느릅나무
느릅나무
느릅나무
느릅나무
느릅나무
느릅나무
느릅나무
수양느릅나무
수양느릅나무
수양느릅나무
수양느릅나무
 
[상품종류선택]
품종/규격 단가(원) 주문수량 최소주문량 배송방법 장바구니/찜하기
실1년1,500   
주(본)
2택배[품절/입고대기중]
실2년2,000   
주(본)
1택배[품절/입고대기중]
실3년4,000   
주(본)
1택배[품절/입고대기중]
실3년 포트5,000   
주(본)
1택배
H1.510,000   
주(본)
1택배[품절/입고대기중]
수양느릅 H1.010,000   
주(본)
1택배[품절/입고대기중]
수양느릅 R220,000   
주(본)
1차량[품절/입고대기중]
수양느릅 H2.0XR5150,000   
주(본)
1차량[품절/입고대기중]
종자 1리터10,000   
주(본)
1택배[품절/입고대기중]




* 적립금 : 회원이면서 현금결제시 2 %적립, 신용카드결제시 1 %적립

[참고]나무규격표기

 
 

[느릅나무/수양느릅나무]


낙엽활엽교목으로 우리나라, 일본, 중국, 사할린등지에 분포하며 키 15m, 지름 70cm까지 자란다. 수피는 암갈색으로 세로로 길게 갈라진다. 잎은 어긋나기로 달리고 긴 타원형으로 길이 3-10cm 이고 끝이 뾰족하며 톱니가 있고 밑부분은 둥근 모양이다. 잎 표면은 거칠고 뒷면 잎맥 위에 털이 있다. 4월에 잎이 나기 전에 잎겨드랑이에서 자잘한 옅은 녹색 꽃이 모여 핀다. 열매는 6월에 익으며 거꾸로 세운 달걀모양 또는 타원형의 시과로서 길이 1cm정도로  종자는 날개의 상부에 치우쳐 있는 편이고 열매에는 털이 없다. 목재는 건축재나 가구재, 차량재, 선박재, 악기, 우산 또는 양산자루나 휨의자 등을 만드는데 쓰인다. 조경 및 공원수(독립수또는 녹음수), 하천변 조림용으로 적당하다. 수액은 도자기의 광택을 내는 유액으로 쓰고 있다. 껍질은 이뇨제, 염증 등의 약제로 쓰이고, 고려, 조선시대에 속껍질을 물에 우려내어 먹는 구황식물이기도 했다. 한방에서 수피를 유백피라 하고 치습, 이뇨, 소종독 등에 쓰며 완화제로 약용한다.

수양느릅나무 : 접목으로 번식하며 늘어진 수형이 아름다원 조경수로의 가치가 높다.

[유사종]
당느릅(U. davidiana Planchon) : 열매에 잔털이 있다.
혹느릅(for. suberosa Nakai) : 가지에 갈색의 코르크질이 잘 발달되어 있다.
참느릅나무(U. parvifolia var. coreana Uyeki) : 잎에 단거치가 있고 잎 양 면에 털이 없다. 꽃은 9월에 핀다.
민느릅(var.laevigata) : 소지에 털이 없고 잎 표면에 광택이 있다.
난티나무(U. laciniata Mayr) : 잎의 끝에 3개의 결각이 생기고 일그러진 예저에 예리한 겹톱니가 있다.
비술나무(U. pumila L.) : 복거치로서 잎은 피침형 또는 장타원형이며 양면에 털이 없고 밋밋하다. 중부 이북지역에 자란다. 

[생육환경]
계곡이나 하천변의 토심 깊은 비옥적윤지에서 잘 자란다. 내음성과 내한성은 크나 내조성과 내공해성이 약하며 호습성으로 토양중 신선한 물기가 있는 곳에서 생장이 좋다.

[번식]
번식은 실생과 무성번식으로 한다.
실생 : 6월에 종자 채취 후 직파한다. 봄에 파종하려고 할 때는 종자의 함수량이 2-3%될 때까지 잘 건조시켜 1-5℃의 저온에 보관한다.
         느릅나무의 종자는 실온상태에 두면 발아력을 잃게 되므로 밀봉저장을 하여 냉암소에 둔다. 
무성번식 : 삽목은 봄에 반숙지를 따서 온실에서 발근시킨다. 접목은 2년생의 실생묘를 대목으로 하여 설접(舌接)을 한다.

[느릅나무속 품종분류]
  • "Mountain elms": spring flowering; flowers subsessile; leaves very rough above.
    • Ulmus bergmanniana. Eastern Asia. <26m tall, with large leaves up to 16cm long and 8cm wide. Very closely related to U. glabra.
    • Ulmus castaneifolia. China. <20m tall, with slender stem <50cm in diameter and thick, corky bark. Leaves <15cm long, 6cm wide, densely hirsute when young.
    • Ulmus changii. China. <20m tall, with smooth, glabrous, ovate leaves up to 11cm long.
    • Ulmus elongata. China. <30m tall, stem <80cm in diameter with exfoliating bark. Long, elliptic leaves <19cm and distinctive shuttle-shaped samaras.
    • Ulmus gaussennii. China. <25m tall, with black to very dark grey scabrous bark. Leaves <11cm long, densely pubescent when young.
    • Ulmus glabra - Wych Elm. Europe, Asia. Popular cultivars include 'Exoniensis' [Exeter Elm], 'Camperdownii', 'Nana'.
    • Ulmus glaucescens. Northern China. <18m tall, with exfoliating, mottled bark. Small, usually ovate leaves <5cm long. Exceptional resistance to drought, but intolerant of wet soils.
    • Ulmus laciniata - Manchurian Elm. Eastern Asia. <27m tall and slender stem <50cm in diameter. Distinctive laciniate, often obtriangular leaves <18cm long, with up to seven apical lobes. Closely related to U. glabra, it only grows well in sheltered, humid valleys.
    • Ulmus lamellosa. China. <12m tall, with rounded crown and slender trunk with mottled, flaking bark. Good resistance to Dutch elm disease and leaf beetles, but intolerant of wet soils.
    • Ulmus macrocarpa. Northeastern Asia. <12m tall, with thick, leathery obovate leaves <9cm long. Very large sub-orbicular samaras <47mm long and <39mm wide. Demands well-drained soil. Good resistance to Dutch elm disease.
    • Ulmus microcarpa. China (Xizang {:Tibet} only). <30m tall, with stem <80cm in diameter. Large, glabrous leaves <17cm long, but very small samaras <8mm in diameter.
    • Ulmus prunifolia. China. <30m tall, slender stem <45cm in diameter with smooth dark grey bark. Narrow, glabrescent leaves <11 cm long.
    • Ulmus rubra - Slippery Elm or Red Elm. Eastern North America.
    • Ulmus uyematsui. Taiwan. <25m tall with dark grey bark exfoliating in irregular flakes. Leaves elliptic, < 11cm long.
    • Ulmus wallichiana - Himalayan Elm or Kashmir Elm. Northern Afghanistan, northern Pakistan, western Himalaya.
  • "Field elms": spring flowering; flowers subsessile; leaves usually smooth above.
    • Ulmus chenmoui. China. <20m tall, with exfoliating bark and broad, obovate leaves <18cm long.
    • Ulmus chumlia. Himalaya. <25m tall, with spreading crown and sinuous branches. Leaves narrowly obovate, <10cm long and <4cm wide.
    • Ulmus davidiana - North-east Asia, inc. Japan. <15m tall, leaves obovate <10cm long by 5.5cm broad. Two varieties recognized by Fu:
      • Ulmus davidiana var. davidiana - David Elm. China. <12m tall, vase-shaped. Intolerant of exposed conditions and wet soils.
      • Ulmus davidiana var. japonica - Japanese Elm. North-east Asia, inc. Japan. 'Discovery', 'Freedom', 'Jacan', 'Mitsui Centennial', and 'Thomson' are hardy varieties selected for planting in Canada in the 1980s.
    • Ulmus harbinensis. China (Heilongjiang only). <15m tall; leaves <5.5cm long and <3.5cm broad.
    • Ulmus lanceaefolia. Western China (Yunnan only), India (Darjeeling area), Bhutan, Sikkim, Bangladesh, Laos, Myanmar. A very large tree, <45m tall, with spreading crown. The bark of the trunk exfoliates in small scales. Oblong to elliptic leaves, <8cm long and <2.5cm wide. Evergreen in the southern part of its range.
    • Ulmus minor - Field Elm. Europe. Numerous sub-species, varieties including:
      • Ulmus minor subsp. angustifolia. syn. var. cornubiensis - Cornish Elm. England, France; local endemic.
      • Ulmus minor subsp. minor - Smooth-leaved Elm. Europe; syn. U. carpinifolia. Disease-resistant cultivars: 'Christine Buisman', released in 1936, and 'Bea Schwarz' in 1948.
      • Ulmus minor var. plotii - Locks Elm. England; local endemic.
      • Ulmus minor 'Sarniensis' - Jersey Elm or Wheatley Elm, Guernsey Elm, Southampton Elm. Channel Islands, France; local endemic, widely cultivated in Britain.
      • Ulmus minor var. vulgaris - English Elm. England, Italy, Spain. Syn. U. procera. Also known as the 'Atinian Elm'.
    • Ulmus pseudopropinqua. Northern China (Inner Mongolia). <10m tall with corky branches. Good resistance to Dutch elm disease and elm beetles.
    • Ulmus pumila - Siberian Elm. China, India (Kashmir), Siberia. American cultivars include 'Dropmore', 'Park Royal', 'Lincoln' and 'Chinkota'.
    • Ulmus szechuanica. China. <18m tall, with umbrella-like canopy. Leaves obovate, glabrescent, <9cm long, dark red on emergence, and again in autumn.
    • Ulmus villosa - Cherry Bark Elm. India (Kashmir). <25m tall, with broad crown <14m wide and pendulous branches. Leaves oblong-elliptic acute <11cm long and <4cm broad. A long-lived species, sacred specimens planted around temples are over 800 years old.
    • Ulmus wilsoniana - Wilson's Elm. Western China. Now treated as conspecific with U. davidiana by Fu. 'Prospector' is a U. S. National Arboretum selection, vase-shaped and growing to 12m tall, with deep-green glabrous leaves resistant to elm leaf beetle.
  • "White elms": spring flowering; flowers pedunculate
    • Ulmus alata - Winged Elm. Eastern North America.
    • Ulmus americana - American Elm. North America east of the Rockies. Cultivars with resistance to Dutch elm disease include: 'American Liberty', 'Brandon', 'Delaware', 'Independence', 'Jefferson', 'New Harmony', 'Princeton', 'Valley Forge' and 'Washington'.
    • Ulmus androssowii - Narwan Elm. China (Yunnan, Sichuan, and Xijang {Tibet}). <20m tall, with ovate or elliptic glabrous leaves <8cm long and <2.5cm wide.
    • Ulmus laevis - European White Elm or Fluttering Elm, Spreading Elm, (USA only) Russian Elm. Eastern Europe, Western Asia.
    • Ulmus thomasii - Rock Elm. Eastern North America.
  • "Autumn-flowering elms": autumn flowering.
    • Ulmus crassifolia - Cedar Elm. Eastern North America.
    • Ulmus parvifolia - Chinese Elm or Lacebark Elm. China. 27 known American cultivars including: 'A. Ross Central Park' (Central Park Splendor™), 'Bosque', 'Drake', 'Dynasty', 'Emer I' (Athena™), 'Emer II' (Allee™), 'King's Choice', 'Ohio', 'Pathfinder', 'Sempervirens'. Many others such as 'Hokkaido' are miniatures raised for bonsai.
    • Ulmus serotina - September Elm. Eastern North America.
    • Ulmus tonkinensis. Western China, Northern Vietnam. Evergreen tree with exfoliating bark. Ovate-lanceolate glabrous leaves <10cm long and <3cm wide.
  • Hybrids and hybrid origin cultivars.
    • Ulmus × brandisiana. U. chumlia × U. wallichiana. Naturally-occurring hybrid in Pakistan and north-west India.
    • Ulmus × elegantissima 'Jacqueline Hillier'. English hybrid of uncertain parentage, possibly U. glabra × U. minor var. plotii.
    • Ulmus × hollandica - Dutch Elm. U. glabra × U. minor.
    • Ulmus 'Cathedral'. U. pumila × U. davidiana var. japonica. American hybrid, more closely resembling its male parent, U. davidiana var. japonica than its siblings 'New Horizon' and 'Sapporo Autumn Gold' but not as resistant to Dutch elm disease.
    • Ulmus 'Clusius'. (U. glabra Exoniensis × U. wallichiana) × U. × hollandica 'Bea Schwarz'. Dutch hybrid released 1983. Similar to 'Lobel', but with slightly improved resistance to Dutch elm disease.
    • Ulmus 'Columella'. 'Plantyn' or 'Plantijn' selfed. Dutch hybrid released 1989.
    • Ulmus 'Commelin'. U. × hollandica 'Vegeta' × U. minor. Dutch hybrid released 1960. Fast growing, but only moderate resistance to disease and wind damage.
    • Ulmus 'Coolshade'. U. rubra × U. pumila.
    • Ulmus 'Dodoens'. U. glabra × U. wallichiana selfed. Dutch hybrid released 1973. Strong, fast growing, but only moderately resistant to Dutch elm disease.
    • Ulmus 'Frontier'. U. minor × U. parvifolia. <13m tall, with glabrous leaves turning dark red in autumn.
    • Ulmus 'Green King'. U. rubra × U. pumila.
    • Ulmus 'Groeneveld'. U. minor × U. glabra. Dutch hybrid released 1960. Slower growing than 'Commelin', and only moderately resistant to disease. Planted mostly in Dutch towns.
    • Ulmus 'Homestead'. U. pumila × ((U. hollandica 'Vegeta' × U. minor) × (U. pumila × U. minor)). U. S. National Arboretum hybrid. Fast growing, producing a pyramidal crown, and well-suited to city conditions. High resistance to Dutch elm disease.
    • Ulmus 'Lobel'. (U. glabra Exoniensis × U. wallichiana) × U. × hollandica 'Bea Schwarz'. Dutch hybrid released 1973. Fastigiate, small-crowned, small-leaved tree resistant to sea winds, but only moderately resistant to Dutch elm disease.
    • Ulmus 'Morton' (Accolade ™). U. davidiana var. japonica × U. wilsoniana. American hybrid >30m tall, vase-shaped tree with small, glossy, dark-green leaves. Highly resistant to Dutch elm disease, but not available in Europe.
    • Ulmus 'Morton Glossy' (Triumph ™). 'Morton' × 'Vanguard'. <20m tall, with upright oval- to vase-shape, and dark green glabrous leaves.
    • Ulmus 'Morton Plainsman' (Vanguard ™). U. pumila × U. japonica. American hybrid <15m tall, with rounded crown. Drought resistant.
    • Ulmus 'Morton Red Tip' (Danada Charm ™). U. davidiana var. japonica × U. wilsoniana. <25m tall, vase-shaped with arching limbs, and dark green leaves. A seedling of (Accolade ™).
    • Ulmus 'Morton Stalwart' (Commendation ™). (U. davidiana var. japonica × U. wilsoniana) × (U. pumila × U. minor). <20m tall, with upright, oval shape.
    • Ulmus 'Nanguen' ( Lutèce ™). 'Plantyn' × (U. × hollandica 'Bea Schwarz' × U. × hollandica 'Bea Schwarz' selfed). Dutch hybrid, released 2002. class="external autonumber" rel=nofollow>[1].
    • Ulmus 'New Horizon'. U. davidiana var. japonica × U. pumila. American hybrid now also grown under licence in Germany. Very resistant to Dutch elm disease, but unsuited to poorly-drained ground.
    • Ulmus 'Patriot'. 'Urban' × U. wilsoniana 'Prospector'. American hybrid with vase-shaped crown. High resistance to Dutch elm disease and elm yellows. Very fast growing, capable of exceeding 1m per annum.
    • Ulmus 'Pioneer'. U. glabra × U. minor. U. S. National Arboretum hybrid. Dense, spherical crown. Only moderately resistant to Dutch elm disease.
    • Ulmus 'Plantyn' or 'Plantijn'. (U. glabra Exoniensis × U. wallichiana) × (U. minor × U. minor). Dutch hybrid released 1973. Fast growing with broad crown. Tolerant of sea winds, but only moderately resistant to Dutch elm disease.
    • Ulmus 'Plinio'. 'Plantyn' × U. pumila. Italian hybrid released 2003.
    • Ulmus 'Regal'. U. pumila × ((U. hollandica 'Vegeta' × U. minor) × (U. pumila × U. minor)). American hybrid with upright columnar form making it suitable for urban planting. High resistance to Dutch elm disease.
    • Ulmus 'San Zanobi'. 'Plantyn' × U. pumila. Italian hybrid released 2003.
    • Ulmus 'Sapporo Autumn Gold'. U. davidiana var. japonica × U. pumila. From a chance crossing in Sapporo, Japan. Grows quickly to form dense vase-shaped crown, although young trees need pruning to produce clean stem. Highly resistant to Dutch elm disease, and now also widely available in Europe.
    • Ulmus 'Urban'. (U. × hollandica 'Vegeta' × U. minor) × U. pumila. U. S. National Arboretum hybrid.
    • Ulmus 'Vegeta' - Huntingdon Elm, syn. Chichester Elm. U. glabra × U. minor selfed. Old English hybrid raised circa 1750.
    • Ulmus 'Wredei' - Golden Elm. U. × hollandica cultivar.
    • and many more without formal hybrid names

The other genera in the Ulmaceae are Zelkova ( Zelkova) and Planera ( Water-elm). Celtis ( Hackberry or Nettle Tree), formerly included in Ulmaceae, is now treated in the family Cannabaceae.



 
 
[로그인후 쓰기 가능합니다]


 


느티나무/직립느티나무
느릅나무과





 Home  |  자주묻는질문(FAQ)  |  개인정보처리방침  |  이용약관  |  입금계좌안내  |  식물용어사전   |  탄생화&꽃말   |  지식 질문&답변   |  클릭포인트   |  오시는길  
 
 
회사명 : 나무사랑 그린피아 [무단 이메일 수집거부. 모든 이미지의 무단 사용을 금합니다.]
사업자등록번호 : 204-19-40983 | 통신판매번호 : 제2011-0253호
대표 : 김민숙.서종묵 | 개인정보보호책임자 : 서종묵 | 호스팅제공자 : 심플렉스인터넷(주)
농장 : [매장]경기도 과천시 주암동 254-6 (기무사 앞, 추사박물관인근)
전화 : 02-2248-8242, 010-8741-8288, 팩스 : 02-6280-8352
Copyrightⓒ 나무사랑 그린피아. allright reserved
[ contact e-mail : ]